Article 15(c) QD

Serious and individual threat to a civilian’s life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict

Article 15(c)

The elements which need to be established in order to apply Article 15(c) QD include:

International or internal armed conflict

       Civilian                                              Indisciminate           violence                      Serious and           individual treat                  (To) life or            person               Nexus (by reason of indiscriminate violence)

It should, furthermore, be noted that the application of Article 15(c) QD is significantly dependant on the general situation in the country of origin. Therefore, assessing objective and up-to-date country-of-origin information is a crucial element in this regard.



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