4.8. Procedures at second instance

The section on Procedures at second instance presents the legislative, policy, practice and case-law developments impacting the right to an effective remedy within the asylum procedure. It starts with a brief overview of the focus areas and the volume of these changes and highlights a major legislative and organisational change. The section then continues with the presentation of developments in thematic blocks and describes developments around the time limits related to procedures at second instance, around legal aid, around the suspensive effect and the right to remain during appeal procedures. It rounds up by presenting some of the measures aimed at and around improving the efficiency of the appeal procedures.