4.11. Content of protection

The recast QD outlines the content of international protection and has been shaping many areas relevant for the integration of beneficiaries of international protection. This section presents some of the main legislative, policy and case-law developments related to the relevant elements of the recast QD, starting with the changes impacting the forms of protection granted, their review and their eventual withdrawal. The overview continues with developments concerning family reunification for beneficiaries of international protection. It points out some of the significant changes related to residence permits granted to beneficiaries and the possibilities for naturalisation. The section then provides a brief recap about developments concerning the broader context of strategies for migrant integration and points out specifically the elements pertinent for beneficiaries of international protection. The overview turns to the presentation of specific thematic areas: access to labour market, employment-related education and vocational training, language and socio-cultural classes, validation of skills and the recognition of qualifications, education for minors and education beyond the compulsory school age, social welfare benefits, healthcare and accommodation.

Many relevant legislative, policy and practice changes shaped the content of protection in EU+ countries throughout 2018. They were typically not targeting only beneficiaries of international protections, as it was the case in previous years as well, but the strategies were rather directed towards a larger groups defined for example as TCNs, foreigners, migrants, persons with migrant background – depending on the specific country context. Overall EU+ trends are difficult to identify, as the developments were adapted to beneficiaries’ specific profiles – which is largely divergent as it was pointed out under the chapter Trends in international protection in the EU+ - and to the overall characteristics of migration within the national context. Two areas emerged, which seems to be at the forefront of changes: the review and withdrawal of international protection status and language and socio-cultural courses linked to the area of employment.