2. Refugee status


This chapter provides a brief outline and general considerations with regard to the assessment of applications for international protection in relation to the elements of the refugee definition (Article 2(d) QD). Furthermore, it proceeds with the analysis of information concerning 14 particular profiles of applicants for international protection in relation to qualification for refugee status. For each profile, and in some cases the relevant sub-profiles, it provides: COI summary, risk analysis (including findings whether the treatment the profile risks would amount to persecution and assessment of the level of risk), and conclusions with regard to the potential nexus to a reason for persecution.

The contents of this chapter include:

Preliminary remarks
Analysis of particular profiles
2.1. Persons perceived to be opposing the government
2.2. Persons who evaded or deserted military service
2.4. Members of and persons perceived to be collaborating with the SDF and YPG
2.5. Persons perceived to be opposing the SDF/YPG
2.6. Persons fearing forced or child recruitment by Kurdish forces
2.7. Persons associated with the Government of Syria
2.8. Journalists, other media professionals and citizen journalists
2.9. Human rights activists
2.10. Doctors, other medical personnel and civil defence volunteers
2.11. Ethno-religious groups
2.11.1. Sunni Arabs
2.11.2. Kurds
2.11.3. Druze
2.11.4. Alawites
2.11.5. Christians
2.11.6. Yazidis
2.11.7. Palestinians
2.12. Women
2.13. Children
2.14. LGBTI


Download PDF