Relevant case law

Case law referenced in the common analysis
Actors of persecution
or serious harm
Reasons for
persecution
- religion
Reasons for
persecution
– membership of a particular social group
Article 12(1)(a)
QD
Article 15(b) QD
  • CJEU, M’Bodj
Indiscriminate
violence in relation to armed
conflict (Article 15(c) QD)
Internal
protection
alternative
  • CJEU, X, Y and Z
  • CJEU, Y and Z
  • ECtHR, Sufi and Elmi
Exclusion
 

For additional information on relevant case law see:

EASO Practical guides

Available at: https://www.easo.europa.eu/practical-tools

■  
EASO Practical Guide: Qualification for international protection
■  
EASO Practical Guide: Exclusion
■  
EASO Guidance on membership of a particular social group

Judicial analyses

Available at: https://www.easo.europa.eu/courts-and-tribunals

■  
Judicial analysis ‘Qualification for International Protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)’
■  
Judicial analysis ‘Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)’
■  
Judicial analysis ‘Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)’

 

 
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