This country guidance is currently under review. In view of the recent significant changes, notably the Taliban takeover, assessments within this document may no longer be valid. When examining the international protection needs of applicants from Afghanistan, please consider the most up-to-date country of origin information available.
In case the criterion of ‘safety’ is satisfied, as a next step, case officers have to establish whether an applicant can:
✓ Safely travel: Based on available COI, it is concluded that, in general, a person can access the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif without serious risk.
✓ Legally travel: There are no legal or administrative restrictions for Afghans to travel in Afghanistan, including into the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif.
✓ Gain admittance to: There are no legal or administrative restrictions or requirement for Afghans to be admitted in any part of the country, including the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif. The cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif are under the control of the government. It is, therefore, concluded that the person would be allowed to gain admittance to the three cities.
The individual circumstances of the applicant should also be taken into account in this context. Careful examination is required especially in cases of women who would be travelling without a male companion, as their travel within Afghanistan may be subject to social restrictions.
Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic: It should be noted that the Afghan State has introduced temporary measures to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus, for example by imposing lockdowns in various cities. Flight connections have also been subject to recent changes. New developments might change the situation significantly. Therefore, the impact on travel and admittance should be assessed in light of the most up-to-date COI available.