Analysis of particular profiles



This country guidance is currently under review. In view of the recent significant changes, notably the Taliban takeover, assessments within this document may no longer be valid. When examining the international protection needs of applicants from Afghanistan, please consider the most up-to-date country of origin information available.

Last updated: December 2020
This chapter refers to some of the profiles of applicants from Afghanistan, encountered in the caseload of EU Member States. It represents a non-exhaustive list and the fact that a certain profile is included in it or not is without prejudice to the determination of their protection needs.
While the conclusions under this common analysis could provide general guidance, the protection needs of each applicant should be examined individually. The non-exhaustive lists of examples with regard to sub-profiles at a differentiated risk and to circumstances, which would normally increase or decrease the risk, are to be taken into account in light of all circumstances in the individual case.
In some cases, even if the applicant no longer belongs to a certain profile, they may still be targeted and have a well-founded fear of persecution related to their past belonging to such a profile. However, in the individual assessment, it may be relevant to take into account the time that has passed and whether the applicant had remained in Afghanistan for a long period of time without encountering persecution.
Family members, merely due to their relation to the refugee, may be at risk of persecution in such a manner that could be the basis for refugee status. It should also be noted that individuals belonging to the family of a person qualifying for international protection could have their own protection needs.
The individual applicant could fall under more than one profile included in this common analysis. The protection needs associated with all such circumstances should be fully examined.
The considerations under each profile should, furthermore, be viewed without prejudice to the credibility assessment of the applicant’s claims. This common analysis deals solely with issues of risk analysis and qualification.

For each profile, the sections provide:

The sections that follow address the profiles:
2.1. Members of the security forces and pro-government militias
2.2. Government officials, including judges, prosecutors and judicial staff; and those perceived as supporting the government
2.3. Individuals working for foreign military troops or perceived as supporting them
2.4. Religious leaders
2.5. Members of insurgent groups and civilians perceived as supporting them
2.6. Persons fearing forced recruitment by armed groups
2.7. Educational personnel
2.8. Humanitarian workers and healthcare professionals
2.9. Journalists, media workers and human rights defenders
2.10. Children
2.10.1. Violence against children: overview
2.10.2. Child marriage
2.10.3. Child recruitment
2.10.4. Child labour and child trafficking
2.10.5. Education of children and girls in particular
2.10.6. Children without a support network in Afghanistan
2.11. Women
2.11.1. Violence against women and girls: overview
2.11.2. Harmful traditional marriage practices
2.11.3. Women in public roles
2.11.4. Women perceived to have transgressed moral codes
2.11.5. Women perceived as ‘Westernised’
2.11.6. Single women and female heads of households
2.12. Individuals perceived to have transgressed moral codes
2.13. Individuals perceived as ‘Westernised’
2.14. LGBTIQ
2.15. Persons living with disabilities and persons with severe medical issues
2.16. Individuals considered to have committed blasphemy and/or apostasy
2.17. Ethnic and religious minorities
2.17.1. Individuals of Hazara ethnicity
2.17.2. Shia, including Ismaili
2.17.3. Hindus and Sikhs
2.17.4 Baha’i
2.18. Individuals involved in blood feuds and land disputes
2.18.1. Blood feuds
2.18.2. Land disputes
2.19. Individuals accused of ordinary crimes
2.20. Individuals who were born in Iran or Pakistan and/or who lived there for a long period of time


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