Courts and Tribunals

EASO is working towards creating professional development materials in support of the promotion of quality and harmonisation in the area of asylum law specifically tailored to the needs of members of courts and tribunals in Member States and Associated Countries.

These materials are being developed in conjunction with representatives of courts and tribunals from the Member States and Associated Countries with full respect of the independence of courts and tribunals. EASO also cooperates with judicial training institutions, judicial associations, the Commission, other EU Agencies, UNHCR and other relevant actors. In addition to the development of these materials, EASO also provides ad hoc support in response to requests received from courts and tribunals. To this end it has delivered training sessions in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece and Italy as well as in Morocco, Tunisia and the Western Balkans countries.

Catalogue of EASO Judicial Workshops (EN

EASO is organising judicial workshops that are based on the Professional Development Series as outlined below. 

EASO IARMJ High Level Expert Panels

  • Brochure of the event (PDF)
  • Background note session 1 (PDF)
  • Background note session 2 (PDF)
  • List of questions (PDF)

Professional Development Series

In cooperation with members of courts and tribunals, EASO is developing a professional development series (PDS) covering all aspects of the Common European Asylum System.
For the full overview of PDS chapters see EASO courts and tribunals brochure available in 23 languages:
[EN] [BG] [CS] [DA] [DE] [EL] [ES] [ET] [FI] [FR] [HR] [HU] [IT] [LT] [LV] [MT] [NL] [PT] [PL] [RO] [SK] [SL] [SV]

The judicial analyses and compilations of jurisprudence developed so far can be found below. 

Introduction to the Common European Asylum System for courts and tribunals

Article 15(c) Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Exclusion: Articles 12 and 17 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

Ending international protection: Articles 11, 14, 16 and 19 Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU)

  • Judicial analysis 2nd edition: [EN]NEW
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]NEW
  • Judicial analysis: [EN] [BG] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT[EL]

Qualification for international protection (Directive 2011/95/EU)

Evidence and credibility assessment in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Asylum procedures and the principle of non-refoulement

Country of origin information

  • Judicial practical guide on country of origin information: [EN] [DE] [ES] [FR] [IT] [MK]^ [SR]^
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]

Detention of applicants for international protection in the context of the Common European Asylum System

Reception of applicants for international protection (Reception Conditions Directive 2013/33/EU)

  • Judicial analysis [EN

Vulnerability in the context of applications for international protection

  • Judicial analysis [EN]
  • Compilation of jurisprudence: [EN]

* Translated by UNHCR under the Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus. 

^ This document has been published with the assistance of the European Union through the 'Regional Support to Protection - Sensitive Migration Management in the Western Balkans and Turkey - Phase II' project. Its contents are the sole responsibility of EASO and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.